Neem tree is native to India and the Indian subcontinents. It grows in tropical and semi-tropical regions. It is a fast growing tree that can reach a height of 15-20 mtrs.. It is evergreen tree, may shed the leaves in drought conditions. The branches are wide and spreading. the opposite pinnate leaves are 20-40 cms long. The petioles are short. The flowers are arranged in nore-or-less droping axillary panicles which are upto 25 cms long. The fruit is smooth, oval like drupe which varies in shape from elongate oval to nearly roundish. the fruit skin is thin and the bitter-sweet pulp is yellowish-white and very fibrous. The white, hard inner shelf of the fruit encloses one, rearelytow to three elongated seeds having a brown seed coat.
Neem traditionally known as one of the most potent anti microbial plant. It has been used right from toothpaste to various skin diseases successfully. It is one of the most versatile trees with maximum non wood products. Neem seed has been successfully used as natural anti pest. Neem seed have insecticidal properties that are effective against a broad spectrum of insects, many mites and nematodes, and even snails and fungi, and do not seem to generate resistance in the pests they affect. Neem also has shown antiviral, anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. It helps support a strong immune system and is used in cases of inflammatory skin conditions. Traditionally Neem has been used for skin and blood purifying conditions. Neem not only helps in curing diseases, but it also provides us with the strength of fighting diseases by enhancing our immunity.